Category: Obesity
Overweight Ups Your Diabetes Risk

Wondering if you’re going to develop diabetes in your lifetime? Spend a minute on the bathroom scale: According to new research, your weight can provide a good indication of your future risk.

Nearly three out of four morbidly obese 18-year-old men, for example, will develop type 2 diabetes in their lifetime. And 35 percent of 18-year-old women who are simply overweight will contract the disease.

“This is the first time we were able to collect the type of data needed for these observations,” said study author Dr. K.M. Venkat Narayan, chief epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The research “can help us to know where to focus our attention.”

Narayan’s report is one of several studies into diabetes risk factors that are being released at the American Diabetes Association’s annual scientific sessions, in Washington, D.C.

In the Narayan study, researchers examined the results of a national survey of almost 800,000 U.S. adults completed between 1997 and 2004. The researchers wanted to find out how body mass index (BMI) — a ratio of weight to height — translates into diabetes risk.

According to the study, an obese man with a BMI around 30 — say, a 6-foot-tall man who weighs 225 pounds — has a 57 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes. A woman with the same BMI — say, weighing 190 at 5-feet, 6-inches — has a 55 percent chance.

By contrast, just 20 percent and 17 percent of 18-year-old men and women of normal weight, respectively, are expected to develop type 2 diabetes, the study found.

“The message here is, compared to a person with normal weight, a person who is overweight or obese at age 18 has a substantially higher chance of developing diabetes during his or her lifetime,” Narayan said.

Among people aged 65 and older, “the additional risk of being overweight added a bit of extra risk, but not so much,” Narayan said. “It’s a very different situation from an 18-year-old who’s overweight.”

But older people who are obese had a “substantially higher” risk of type 2 diabetes than those who weighed less, Narayan said.

Why are overweight people at risk of diabetes? The reasons aren’t clear, but they appear to have something to do with how fat disrupts the ability of cells to work with the hormone insulin, which helps convert blood sugar into energy for the body, Narayan said.

An estimated 19 million Americans have type 2 diabetes, and studies suggest that one-third of adults with the disease don’t even know they have it. If left untreated, the disease can lead to complications such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, nerve problems, and foot or limb amputation.

Being overweight is thought to be a key risk factor for the disease.

Dr. Robert J. Rushakoff, an associate clinical professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, said the study findings are “alarming” but valuable to doctors.

“Since prevention is so important, physicians and other health-care providers can make use of these dramatic numbers to talk to patients and try to start a move to better diet and exercise,” he said.

In another study released at the diabetes meeting, Swedish researchers have linked three gene variants to type 2 diabetes. People with two or more of the variations have the highest risk of the disease. But, the researchers added, it’s too early to predict for sure if someone will develop the disease.

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Source: http://www.naturalnews.com/019898_diabetes_risk_overweight.html


Soft drinks cause behavioral problems in young children

It is safe to say that the link between soda consumption and health conditions like diabetes and weight gain has been clearly established by a plethora of scientific research published in recent years. But what has not necessarily been fully recognized or understood is how consuming soft drinks affects the behavioral normalcy of children, particularly young children — that is, until now.

A new study set to appear in the Journal of Pediatrics has found, perhaps not surprisingly, that soft drinks like soda pop and processed juice can make children hyper, irritable and unable to focus, especially compared to their non-soda-drinking peers. Sugar-filled beverages, it turns out, can also make children aggressive, violent and even suicidal, altering brain chemistry and disrupting normal physiological balance.

To come to these conclusions, Shakira Suglia, Sc.D., and her colleagues from Columbia University, the University of Vermont and the Harvard School of Public Health assessed roughly 3,000 five-year-old children enrolled in the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. The participating children came from 20 large U.S. cities, and their mothers reported information on their soft drink consumption patterns and behavioral profiles.

Upon analysis, it was found that a shocking 43 percent of children consumed at least one serving of soda or other soft drink per day, and four percent consumed four or more servings daily. But the really disturbing part is that, with each increase in soda consumption among all the children, aggression issues, withdrawal, attention disorders and other conditions became more pronounced.

In essence, after accounting for various outside influencing factors like socioeconomic status, parental stability (or lack thereof) and living situations, the study team verified that soda consumption is a direct cause of behavioral problems in young children. In fact, children who drank four or more soft drinks per day were found to be twice as likely as their peers to get in fights, destroy other people’s property and physically attack others.

“We found that the child’s aggressive behavior score increased with every increase in soft drinks servings per day,” says Dr. Suglia about the findings.

People of all ages damage their brains by drinking soft drinks, research shows

Earlier studies have found that older children, teenagers and even adults are behaviorally affected by soft drink consumption as well. A 2011 study published in the journal Injury Prevention, for instance, found that teenagers who drink at least five cans of soda per week, less than one per day, are more likely to have violent, aggressive tendencies.

Similarly, individuals of all ages were found in another study by the same authors to be more prone to mood-related behavioral problems, including feelings of belligerence, depression and suicide. All across the board, drinking soda and other sugar-dense beverages is a surefire way to mess up your brain and mental health, based on this collective research.

“Soft drinks are highly processed products containing carbonated water, high-fructose corn syrup, aspartame, sodium benzoate, phosphoric or citric acid, and often caffeine, any of which might affect behavior,” say the authors of the Journal of Pediatrics study.

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source: http://www.naturalnews.com/041871_soft_drinks_behavioral_problems_young_children.html


Five Ways One Has To Pay the Price for Obesity

Obesity causes poorer health, which in turn translates into higher medical and health care costs. For example, the obese are more likely to suffer from ailments such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease and stroke. On top of that, there are also other ways in which obese people have to, quite literally, pay the price for their size. A recent Newsweek article published in August 2008 has outlined five main ways in which obesity results in tangible financial costs.

Financial Costs of Obesity

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), people being overweight, as well as the related health problems of obesity, put a significant economic strain on the US health care system.

Broadly speaking, being overweight or obese involves direct and indirect costs. The former includes preventive, diagnostic and treatment services, while the latter includes morbidity costs and mortality costs. Mortality costs measure the value of future income which is lost because of premature death, while morbidity costs take into account the value of income lost because of factors such as bed days, restricted activity, absenteeism, as well as decreased productivity.

Using data from the 1998 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) and the National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) of 1996 and 1997, a study had found that medical costs relating to being overweight or obese formed 9.1% of the total medical expenditure in the US in 1998, a figure which could have been as much as US$78.5b. This translates to about US$92.6b in 2002 dollars. Medicaid and Medicare paid for about half of the amount.

Here are five ways in which obese people have to bear the financial consequences for their condition.

1. Higher Medical Costs

The most direct and obvious financial cost of being obese is, of course, higher medical costs. “The Fattening of America” by Eric Finkelstein and Laurie Zuckerman estimates that an overweight male’s annual medical cost is $170 more than one who is lighter, while the corresponding figure for females is $495.

In addition, hospitals incur higher costs in treating obese patients. For example, an oversized wheelchair can cost about $2,500, which is a whopping eight times the cost of a normal one. Also, an operating table which is sturdy enough to take the weight of a severely obese person can cost $30,000.

2. Lower Average Income

According to a study conducted at Stanford University, obese men and women earned an average income which was $3.41 per hour lower than their peers. This adds up to over $7,000 a year.

The income gap was found to be smaller when comparing young workers, although it gets bigger over time.

It is a possibility that this difference may be partly linked to higher health care costs – researchers said that employers have a tendency pay less to obese workers while footing their insurance bills. It could thus be a subconscious reaction by employers for having to pay higher insurance premiums for heavier employees.

3. Loss of Work Hours

According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, an obese worker tends to lose, on average, about a week of work every year, because of health conditions which are related to them being overweight.

The Fattening of America estimates that a company with 1,000 workers loses about $285,000 every year due to obese workers, and that about 30 percent of this figure can be attributed to higher levels of absenteeism.

4. Use of More Gasoline

The heavier one is, the more gasoline one’s car or transport vehicle would have to use. In 2006, the journal The Engineering Economist published a study which stated that Americans used 938 million more gallons of fuel annually when compared to 1960, by virtue of their now bigger frames. Translated to concrete costs, this works out to about an additional gas expenditure of $3.55b per year.

5. Higher Cost of Air Travel

Then there are higher air travel costs. Budget airlines such as Southwest require passengers who are obese or who may need more than one seat to purchase a sufficient number of seats on the flight.

Further, just like for cars and ground vehicles, planes also have to burn more fuel to ferry heavier passengers. In the 1990s, the average weight of an American increased by 10 pounds. This, according to a 2004 CDC report, translated to $275m spent on an additional 350 million gallons of fuel needed to carry all that extra weight.

The Road Ahead – We Need to Cut Down on Obesity

Obesity in countries which consume a lot of fast food and processed foods is fast becoming an epidemic. Recently, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health reported that, unless the eating and exercise habits of Americans change, a staggering 86% of Americans will be overweight or obese come 2030. According to the CDC, over one third of adults in the US, or more than 72 million people, were obese in 2005 and 2006.

The numbers do not look good at all and it is clear things need to change.

Is obesity preventable, as well as “curable”, so to speak? There are, after all, some parties who believe that being overweight has its roots in bad genes, and thus nothing can be done about it.

Of course genes play a part. Obesity, like all health conditions, has a genetic element. Some people, for example, are more susceptible to cancer than others, while some are more prone to diabetes.

But to suggest that nothing can be done about being overweight or obese is not in line with the overall principles of natural health. In natural health, all diseases and conditions are grounded in nutritional / dietary and lifestyle factors, which include elements such as the presence of environmental toxins.

For example, if an obese person leaves pizzas, sodas, candy bars, potato chips, burgers and fries behind, and begins to undertake a diet full of raw fruits and vegetables, it is virtually guaranteed that he or she will lose weight. Throw in some daily exercise, and the effects are magnified.

Of course, if one has a bodily constitution which is of the heavier or bigger side, then one would have to work harder and exercise more commitment in keeping fit and trim. This applies to every aspect of life. Some people have to train harder to run as fast, some have to work harder for the same output in the office, while some people need more sleep.

If you are already overweight, doing your bit to cut down on your weight will go a long way in benefiting not just your health, but also your wallet.

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6 undeniable reasons you are overweight

The commonly held assumption that being overweight is simply a mathematical formula of calories in and calories out is an outdated way of thinking that needs to be changed. Weight gain is often a complicated dynamic between one’s culture, environment, exercise habits, eating styles, genetics, and biochemical individuality. With that said, here are 6 reasons you are overweight.

Sluggish metabolism

There may be a few reasons for a sluggish metabolism, but one of the primary culprits is an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). When hypothyroidism causes metabolism to slow, the body will store rather than burn calories, causing an accumulation of fat. The consequence of this slowing metabolism can create:

  • An accumulation of hyalouronic acid, a sugar that binds with water in the body, causing swelling and an increase in weight. This is characterized by puffy, thick skin and fluid retention.
  • A sluggish digestive system, resulting in gastrointestinal problems that could lead to a more serious condition known as leaky gut. Weight gain is a potential result of digestive disturbances.
  • A decrease in insulin production by the pancreas due to inflammation, also known as pancreatitis. When insulin imbalances occur, blood sugars are not burned off and they turn into fat.
  • A decrease in the body’s thermogenic (fat burning capacity), which can lead to increased fat storage.

Toxic load

Toxicity is one of the primary reasons for weight gain, particularly for people who can’t keep it off. When the liver becomes overburdened with toxins, it causes imbalances that can lead to weight gain, including blood sugar imbalance, essential fatty acid deficiency, and slowed metabolism. Our processed, genetically modified food supply is just one aspect of our toxic load.

An unhealthy toxic load can also cause stagnant lymph flow, which holds water and toxins so body weight accumulates. Toxic accumulation in the colon can also drain the body of energy, lower metabolism, and burden the detoxification organs, like the liver and kidneys.

Insulin imbalance

Many cases of being overweight are due to an imbalance of the hormone insulin. Insulin allows the body to use glucose (sugar) and carbohydrates. However, factors such as genetic predisposition, food allergies, eating habits, and stress can interfere with glucose and carbohydrate utilization, which can result in a condition known as glucose intolerance. Excess sugar consumption (refined carbohydrates) may also contribute to glucose intolerance and obesity.

Usually insulin will signal the body to stop eating, but if your glucose levels are chronically heightened due to inefficient insulin, you may eat more. This sets up a nasty cycle of eating more refined carbohydrates, which leads to even more hunger, which often ends to more weight gain.

Lack of exercise

The amount of exercise you incorporate on a regular basis will strongly affect your weight. We are generally much less active than previous generations and our time is more consumed by television. It is estimated that a quarter of the population is completely sedentary while up to 55% are inadequately active.

Without exercise, your metabolism slows down, your lymph becomes congested, and your lean muscle mass becomes depleted. All these factors facilitate excessive weight gain.

Dieting

Food restriction for the purpose of weight loss should be avoided. Ironically, we have become fatter as a culture, partly because of the yo-yo effects of dieting.

Whenever the body is deprived of food, whether it is because of famine or dieting, the body ensures survival by decreasing metabolic rate in order to compensate for fewer calories. Energy is stored so efficiently in adipose (fat) tissue that a person of normal weight can survive for 2 months without eating.

When the food restriction ends, the desire to binge kicks in as a result of another built in survival mechanism. This leads to an unhealthy trap that often results in a primarily overweight state.

Psychosocial factors

Many people overeat due to stress, anger, sadness, boredom, and other emotional factors unrelated to hunger or nutritional needs. Food is interwoven into our social activities, childhood memories, and the psyche. Holidays are filled with excessive food intake and bad food combinations that significantly contribute to weight gain.

It’s important to note that food affects mood by triggering the release of endorphins (natural pain killers) and serotonin (mood boosters). Unfortunately, the types of foods eaten (chocolate, carbohydrates, and sweets) not only elevate your mood but trigger cravings for more. This emotional eating can contribute to significant weight gain if you lead a stressful life or have unresolved emotional issues.

Your intestinal flora play a huge role in how your brain works, from food cravings to mood. Your gut health effects your overall ability and desire to loose weight. Check out the first two sources for more information on intestinal health.

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Health Basics: How do MSG, artificial sweeteners and gluten cause fast weight gain?

People want that fast track to “fit,” but there’s a price to pay for tricking your body into losing weight, since tricks sometimes involve losing water weight and just postponing bad food habits. There is no fast track to losing weight, but there is a permanent way to achieve and maintain your ideal body weight. The first and most important step involves eliminating three major poisons that are commonly found in today’s “Big Food” industry — yes it’s your turn to turn the tables on Big Food and perhaps your big gut or “chunky” thighs, or maybe you’ve just got some “junk in the trunk” that you want to drop off. Let’s talk about the top three realms of FDA-approved carcinogens and why they drive so many people into obesity and compounded health misery.

MSG is GMO

MSG is short for “monosodium glutamate,” which is a highly concentrated sodium additive produced by genetically modified bacteria. The flavor enhancer is often associated with migraine headaches, vomiting and… wait for it… weight gain. One of the world’s most widely used food additives, MSG was engineered to manipulate the central nervous system of humans, including deregulating hormones. That’s right; this excitotoxin, as it has been described by scientists and nutritionists, pushes people to eat larger helpings! Oops. Too much soy sauce? Too much BBQ sauce or buffalo sauce? Too much Chick-Fil-A this week? That spicy KFC deep-fat-fried “original” recipe will get you every time. Addicted to Doritos or Cup-O-Soup? What’s that concentrated salt that’s interfering with your signaling systems in your brain and making you nauseous? Guess who (Big Food) is regulating your appetite (junk science addiction)? Eating just 5 grams a day of MSG could put you 30 percent more “at risk” of becoming overweight, according to a comprehensive study done in 2011.

Aspartame deranges your metabolism

Artificial sweeteners are the Trojan horses of the food industry and will invade your cells, causing mutation and oxygen deprivation. Aspartame contains chemicals that increase your fat storage. Imagine that. This interferes with insulin and leptin, which control how your “fat” is handled, including whether it is stored, HOW it’s stored, WHERE and then, of course, how it is utilized. Metabolism literally becomes DERANGED by aspartame, causing people to pack on pounds, the exact opposite of why they ever chose an artificial sweetener in the first place. Aspartame may have no calories, but weight loss is about a lot more than calories! You can get fat easily when you’re hungry all the time, even after you just ate. That’s aspartame. It prevents you from knowing that you’ve eaten enough, a skill that Mother Nature gave us at birth.

Gluten is glue-food stuff

Carcinogenic gluten remains stuck in your digestive tract for days or even weeks, turning to poison and ruining your gut flora. GMO studies reveal that 18 million Americans suffer from gluten and GMO toxicity. You yourself right now may be wondering how your digestive tract got so screwed up. Chronic health conditions don’t just happen. You’ve become chronically “unwell,” and research shows that it’s in your control. Gluten is robbing you of essential nutrients. If your digestive system can’t function effectively, you’re welcoming chronic conditions. The overuse of antibiotics could be adding to your “gluten intolerance.” Antibacterial hand wipes and doctors’ prescriptions of antibiotics can kill your good bacteria that’s almost already wiped out by gluten, especially bleached gluten.

This poor daily diet of conventional and bleached bread, pasta, rice and cereal could be driving your chronic infections, by actually stimulating bacteria, fungi and viruses. This all contributes to malabsorption of vital vitamins, minerals and amino acids. Add in some food intolerances, allergies and GMOs and you’re calling your Obamacare (sick-care) “specialist” to double check your co-pays.

Fact: Having healthy gut bacteria is key to finding and maintaining your ideal weight. It’s time to burn some fat and rejuvenate your enzymes! It’s time to supplement your energy with superfood and herbal tinctures. It’s time to take that extra weight off for good and look fantastic for the rest of your life.

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Diet soda contributes to weight gain and belly fat research shows

New research reports that drinking diet sodas cause people to gain weight and develop more belly fat than others. Belly fat is associated with increased risk for heart disease and diabetes. This fat, called visceral fat, is located between the abdominal muscles and the skin. Research shows that people who drank diet sodas developed three times the amount of belly fat as those who did not drink diet sodas. Other research has discovered that gut flora is changed in people who drink artificially sweetened diet sodas, probably due to acidity.

Research on diet soda and weight gain

The research study was conducted by the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio with research participants who lived in the area. The research involved 749 people. Participants were all age 65 and older. They were interviewed about what types of sodas they consumed and how often they consumed them. Those who drank diet sodas gained 3.2 inches of belly fat. Occasion drinkers of diet soda gained 1.8 inches, and those who drank no diet soda gained less than 1 inch, about .8 inches. Those who already were overweight had the largest gain in belly fat. One reason that drinking diet sodas increases weight gain is that artificial sweeteners lower levels of the appetite suppressing hormone, leptin. Leptin is responsible for telling your body when to stop eating. Sugar triggers a feeling of being full and not hungry, but artificial sugar sends confusing messages to the brain so the natural message to stop eating is suppressed. When the hormone that directs hunger is suppressed, the body can continue to crave carbohydrates and other sweets.

Research conclusion

The research concluded that low calorie and no-calorie sweeteners cause health concerns. They labeled their findings as “striking.” The Calorie Control Council disagrees with these findings and believes that using low calorie sweeteners is beneficial to weight loss. While diet foods and diet sodas do contain fewer calories than products sweetened with sugar, honey, or natural types of sweeteners, the calorie loss may be offset by other factors such as injury to the gut flora and alterations within the hormone system governing hunger. Staying hydrated is important for health and it encourages weight loss. Drinking water, especially clean and pure water, is the best way to stay hydrated.

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Breast Cancer Linked to Obesity in Women of All Ages, Leptin Probable Culprit

The link between breast cancer and obesity has strengthened with two new studies showing that body mass index is correlated with the disease. These finding apply to women of all ages with breast cancer, not just those who are postmenopausal. Lipid profile and estradiol levels correlating with high body mass index were shown as additional determinative factors.

Scientists at Geneva University in Switzerland conducted a population-based study in which they evaluated the impact of obesity on presentation, diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. Among all women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer in Geneva between 2003 and 2005, they identified those with available information on body mass index and categorized them into groups they identified as normal/underweight (BMI <25kg/m), overweight (BMI >/=-30kg/m), and obese (BMI >30kg/m).

They compared tumor, diagnosis and treatment characteristics between the groups. They found that obese women presented significantly more often with stage III and stage IV disease, with an odds ratio of 1.8. This means they were 180% more likely to have later stage breast cancer than those women in the normal/underweight group. Women in the obese group were 240% more likely to have tumors that were equal to or greater in size than 1 centimeter compared to the women in the normal/underweight group. They were also a whopping 510% more likely to have positive lymph nodes suggesting their cancers may have spread to other parts of their bodies.

Another team of scientists carried out a comparative study to investigate the effect of lipid profile, estradiol and obesity on the risk of a woman developing breast cancer. Assessment of 200 women for lipid profile, estradiol level and BMI was completed on 100 breast care patients (43 pre and 57 postmenopausal) and 100 controls (45 pre and 55 postmenopausal). Their ages ranged from 25 to 80 years.

They found a significant increase in BMI, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and low density lipoprotein (LDL cholesterol) in the breast cancer patients compared to the controls. With the exception of estradiol that decreased, the lipid profile generally increased with age in both patients and controls, with the patients having a much higher value than the corresponding controls. There was also a significant positive correlation between BMI and total cholesterol, and between BMI and LDL cholesterol. BMI, total cholesterol and triglycerides were increased in both pre-menopausal and post menopausal phases with HDL cholesterol remaining unchanged.

Not only does obesity clearly increase breast cancer risk, other research has shown it shortens the time between return of the disease and lowers overall survival rates. In 2007, Italian researchers went a long way toward explaining why. They presented evidence that a hormone found in fat cells called leptin significantly influences breast cancer development and progression in mice.

Leptin, a hormone derived from fat cells, is best known for its efforts to send messages to the body that its time to stop eating. This process may go awry in many people with obesity. Dr. Sebastiano Ando, lead researcher, has noted that leptin is also involved in many other processes in the breast, from reproduction and lactation to cell differentiation and proliferation. Leptin is activated by signals from the leptin receptor, and it is this partnership gone wrong that has previously been shown to be involved in the development of breast cancer. Leptin has been found in 86.4% of primary breast tumors.

Previous studies in Dr. Ando’s laboratory found that leptin played a significant role in promoting breast cancer in obese women by increasing the amount of estradiol in breast tissue. In their 2007 study, the researchers found that leptin up-regulates or increases the production of E-cadherin, an intercellular adhesion molecule generally viewed as a tumor suppressor.

The researchers grafted human breast cancer tissue in “nude” mice (genetically bred to be unable to reject tumors and used frequently in cancer research) and also in a three dimensional tissue culture closely mimicking biological features of tumors.
Their results were the same in both media. Combined exposure to leptin and estradiol increased tumor size as much as 100%. These changes correlated with an increase in E-cadherin. Dr. Ando and his team concluded that the tumor suppressor E-cadherin may serve as a tumor enhancer when exposed to leptin and estradiol. It may be that the ability of E-cadherin to help cells aggregate enhances the transformation of normal cells to cancerous ones, thereby stimulating the growth of a tumor mass. This theory gained additional weight when the researchers used an E-cadherin antibody or a calcium-chelating agent to block E-cadherin function in the presence of estradiol. The enhanced cell growth stopped.

When a leptin inhibitor is given to mice, it reduces the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptor, and growth of breast cancer cells. Researchers at Morehouse School of Medicine used a leptin antagonist to evaluate whether the inhibition of leptin signaling has a differential impact on the expression of molecules leading to angiogenesis (creation of blood supply for tumors) and on cell proliferation and growth of human estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) xenografts hosted by immuno-deficient mice.

They found that the leptin antagonist reduced the growth of the ER+ human breast cancer cells by more than 40 fold, or a mind-bending 4000%, while the growth of ER- human breast cancer cell growth was reduced by 2 fold, or 200%. Expression of pro-angiogenic and pro-proliferative molecules were reduced to a greater degree in the ER+ cells than in those that were ER-. The results suggest that leptin signaling plays an important role in the growth of both ER+ and ER- negative breast cancer that is associated with the leptin regulation of molecules controlling tumor blood supply and proliferation rate. The researchers endorsed the use of leptin signaling inhibition as a treatment for breast cancer.

Normalized leptin functioning may produce happy breasts

All this research implies that the regulation and function of leptin must be restored in anyone wanting to be protected from breast cancer or its return. Health guru Byron Richards, one of the first nutritionists to recognize the importance of leptin, describes it as the single most important hormone for body weight control. Leptin regulates thyroid hormone, insulin, growth hormone, and adrenal hormones. When leptin is dysfunctional, all the other hormones regulating metabolic processes become dysfunctional too. He sees an understanding of leptin as basic for anyone trying to get and keep optimal metabolic function.

Leptin is made in white adipose tissue, commonly known as stored fat. Its release is stimulated by consuming a meal. Leptin flows through blood vessels to the brain where it delivers the message that it is time to stop eating. If people consistently overeat they become leptin resistant, a condition in which leptin becomes unable to deliver its message to the brain. This condition develops into a vicious circle in which overeating continues and the brain becomes even more resistant to the leptin message. This is about the time true obesity sets in.

To regain a healthy metabolism and keep eating under control, proper leptin function must be normalized. This requires a drastic reduction in consumption of processed carbohydrates and the embracing of a diet comprised of whole foods. This does not have to be a grueling dietary upheaval that produces feelings of deprivation and lack of satisfaction. Abandoning processed carbohydrates can be as simple as making a switch from pretzels to full fat potato chips. It can mean getting satisfaction from a chocolate bar with nuts rather than from a piece of cake. The key is the change from a diet in which processed carbohydrates play a large part, to a diet in which they play almost no part.

Getting a full nine hours of sleep in a fully darkened room is the also necessary for restoring leptin function. This means going to the bathroom in the dark, no TV, and no trips to the refrigerator unless you have removed the inside light. Daily exercise is also important, and will become desirable as energy levels improve along with leptin. Stress reduction is the fourth component in a leptin normalizing program.

Richard’s book The Leptin Diet gives the low-down on how to get leptin working for you instead of against you. For those trying to kick the sugar habit as part of ousting processed carbohydrates from the diet, he suggests using supplements of the bitter herbs Gymnema sylvestre, and Inula racemosa. He calls these herbs “sugar busters”. They help reduce the desire for sweet tasting foods and help bring the taste system back to natural balance.

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Obesity: Trouble is Caused by Eating Quickly

Have you ever been told to eat your food slowly? Parents often encourage their children to eat at a moderate rate and chew their food completely. It turns out that this is good advice. Recent research, conducted by three independent groups, suggests that eating slowly actually reduces caloric intake and may help curb the growing problem of obesity. Fast Eaters Eat More In 2008, Andrade published a study in the Journal of American Dietetic Association, which shed light on the question of eating quickly. According to Andrade`s research, the rate at which a person eats affects how many calories he ingests. Two test groups were used in the study. Each group was given a large portion of food and told to eat as much as wanted. However, one group got to use a big spoon and was advised to eat quickly. The other group, however, used a small spoon and was told to eat slowly, taking the time to chew each bite twenty or so times. The result was clear: the slow eating group consumed fewer calories than the fast eating group. Interestingly, Andrade`s research also revealed an interesting fact. It turned out that the slow eaters reported feeling more full after the meal, while the fast eaters reported feeling less full. Fast Eaters and Obesity In another study published in the 2008 British Medical Journal by Maruyama et al., it was found that there is a significant link between eating speed and obesity. It turns out that fast eaters are significantly more likely to be overweight or obese. Additionally, those who continue eating until they feel full are also more likely to be overweight. Eating quickly until feeling full is likely the most potent combination for gaining weight. Fast Eating and Hormones Perhaps the most intriguing research is this year`s study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism by Kokkinos et al. This research gives us a better understanding of the underlying physiological effect of eating speed. According to research findings, eating speed affects certain hormone levels in our body, which in turn interact with the hypothalamus to create the feeling of hunger or fullness. The hormones PYY, GLP-1, and Ghrelin all play a role. Kokkinos found that levels of both PYY and GLP-1 are significantly higher in the body when a person eats slowly. These two hormones cause a person to feel full. It was found that Ghrelin levels were higher two hours after eating for those who ate quickly. Ghrelin causes the feeling of hunger. This research supports the previous studies. It seems hormone levels are responsible for the fullness slow eaters feel and the hunger fast eaters feel. What`s interesting is that fast eaters feel both less full after eating more food and hungrier just a couple hours after eating than do slow eaters. Eating Speed and Dieting These studies can prove useful resources for those trying to lose weight or maintain a healthy weight. Do you eat quickly? Do you eat until you feel full? If you answered yes to either of these questions, chances are you are overweight. Of course, if you can change your eating habits and begin to eat more slowly, chewing your food 20-30 times before swallowing, then you will likely begin to eat fewer calories. More importantly, you will actually feel full after your meal, and you will go longer before feeling the need to eat again. It could be that modifying eating speed is the best dieting tip anyone could give. So take a hint from these studies and start eating slowly!

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Obesity causes over 100,000 cancers per year

As it turns out, fat tissue isn’t just a dormant storage depot for calories. According to the American Institute for Cancer Research, more than 100,000 cancer cases in the U.S. are linked to excess body fat – most of them are preventable.

The data shows that on top of the list of obesity-linked cancers is endometrial cancer, followed by esophageal, pancreatic and kidney cancers, among others. Increased body fat is linked to:

 

    • 49% of endometrial cancers (20,700 cases/year)

 

    • 35% of esophageal cancers (5,800 cases/year)

 

    • 28% of pancreatic cancers (11,900 cases/year)

 

    • 24% of kidney cancers (13,900 cases/year)

 

    • 21% of gallbladder cancers (2,000 cases/year)

 

    • 17% of breast cancers (33,000 cases/year)

 

    • 9% of colorectal cancers (13,200 cases/year)

 
A groundbreaking – and startling – study published in ACS’ Journal of Proteome Research proved that fat cells actively secrete dozens of hormones that act as chemical messengers in various parts of the body. Scientists suspect that these chemical signals may promote not only cancer, but also a wide range of other chronic diseases, including diabetes and heart disease.

“The evidence is clear,” said Laurence Kolonel, MD, PhD, Deputy Director of the Cancer Research Center of Hawaii and member of the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) expert panel. “If people sustain a normal body weight and remain physically active throughout life, it will have a major impact on cancer incidence.”

The recent research adds to the growing body of evidence concerning the many negative effects of obesity on cancer incidence. Previous studies have shown that excess fat tissue causes increased levels of inflammation compounds in the bloodstream and promotes oxidative stress on the body, leading to DNA mutation and diminished immune function. Both of these factors are conductive for not only the formation of diseased cells, but also their multiplication.

Reducing Your Risk
If you don’t want to fall prey to a chronic degenerative disease such as cancer, maintaining a healthy weight, reducing stress and choosing alkaline forming foods will do wonders in maintaining optimum health.

The American Cancer Society recommends at least 30 minutes of physical activity five days per week or more. Shedding excess weight can be beneficial even after diagnosis. “An increasing number of studies suggest that regular physical activity improves cancer survival, even among survivors who are overweight or obese,” explained Melinda Irwin, PhD, MPH, Associate Professor of Epidemiology at Yale School of Medicine. “That’s really the take-home message here.”

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When did obesity become an issue?

The fact that obesity statistics have never been higher has raised a substantial amount of awareness and concern in regards to this issue. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, just over one-third of U.S. adults, about 97 million, are obese. This number is expected to rise to 42 percent by the year 2030; however, some forecasters have predicted the number could easily be over 50 percent. This is a frightening projection not only for the health of the nation, but in addition to the expense to cover ailments associated with obesity such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, sleep apnea, and more.

As the Associated Press states, “The number of obese Americans soared during the 1980s and 1990s, doubling among adults in the U.S. and tripling among children. Sedentary lifestyles and changes in eating habits have contributed to weight gain, as more Americans work at desk jobs, use electronic devices and get served increasingly larger portions at restaurants.”

Obesity numbers continue to rise – Why is that?

Lifestyles of the majority of individuals changed with the development of new electronic gadgets for use in the household such as televisions, computers and gaming systems. People now found a reason to stay indoors glued to the chair, sofa, or bed. Now, when faced with the decision to go outside and be active, or stay home and watch a new hit movie or play video games, the latter option has been chosen more frequently than ever before.

In addition to the distractions new technologies have provided, a staggering number of fast food restaurants have popped up across the globe over the past few decades that for the most part, have not offered the healthiest of choices. Granted, the obesity epidemic cannot be blamed entirely on these food establishments, there are certain arguments that can be made especially when statistics show that about 44 percent of Americans claim to eat fast food at least once a week.

Portion sizes at restaurants have increased which means a lot more calories

Another factor to take into account is the larger portion sizes of most items purchased when dining out. Not only will you find that the sizes of meals at restaurants and fast food spots have grown quite large over the years, but even items purchased from convenience stores and supermarkets have increased. A muffin which used to be the size of a baseball, is now the size of a softball. A Big Gulp soda from the popular store 7-11 used to be 32 ounces, now they offer a hefty 44 ounce Super Big Gulp and even a Double Gulp that has a staggering 64 ounces of sugary liquid.

This holds true for fast food restaurants also. When McDonalds first introduced soda beverages in 1955, the only size offered was a seven-ounce. cup. Now it is not uncommon to find 32 ounce options which means an increase of about 300 calories and worse yet, at least 80 more grams of sugar.

The only way to effectively combat the obesity epidemic is to make changes in what is eaten and incorporating some form of exercise. When focus is placed on what will be beneficial for the body, better decisions will be made to help ensure healthy nutrition is received regularly. When these decisions are upheld on a consistent basis, a well balanced lifestyle will be the result.

Join our weight loss program and lose upto 16-20 pounds in just 26 days. Call us at +92 345 8580969 to speak to our weight loss expert or email us at wecare@vitatious.com.